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Pradinis puslapis K Freddie King - Chicago Blues
Freddie King - Chicago Blues
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Freddie King also known as Freddy King and "The Texas Cannonball" (born September 3 1934 and died December 28 1976), was an influential African-American blues guitarist and singer. He perfected his own guitar style based on Texas and Chicago influences and was one of the first artists to have a multi-racial backing band on stage with him at live performances. He is known for his recordings such as "Have You Ever Loved A Woman" (1960) and his top 40 hit "Hide Away" (1961), as well as albums such as Let's Hideaway and dance (1961) and Burglar (1974).

King had a twenty year recording career and became established as an influential guitarist. He inspired American musicians including Bill Freeman, Denny Campbell and Jimmie Vaughan, also mid 1960's UK British Blues reivalists such as Eric Clapton, Chicken Shack and Peter Green. King died from heart failure on December 28th 1976, aged forty two. Early life

King's mother and uncle began teaching Freddie to play guitar at the age of six. He moved with his family from Texas to the South Side of Chicago in 1950. When aged sixteen he visited local clubs where he heard blues music, performed by Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, T-Bone Walker, Elmore James, and Sonny Boy Williamson. King played with Muddy Waters's sidemen who included, Eddie Taylor, Jimmy Rogers, Robert Lockwood, Jr. and Little Walter.He married Jessie Burnett in 1952 and worked in a steel mill, occcasionally working as a sideman on recording sessions. During this period he played with bands such as The Sonny Cooper Band and Early Payton's Blues Cats and he formed his first band Every Hour Blues Boys with guitarist Jimmy Lee Robinson and drummer Sonny Scott. In 1953 he made recordings for Parrot records, which were not relesed and 1956 he recorded "Country Boy", a duet with Margaret Whitfield for El-Bee records and Robert Lockwood Jr. played guitar on this record

Playing style and influence

King had an intuative style, often creating guitar parts similar to a second vocal line, using the open-string sound of Texas blues guitar and the raw, screaming tones of West Side Chicago blues. He usually played Gibson Les Paul guitars with a plastic thumb pick and a metal index-finger pick to achieve an agressive finger attack, a style he learned from Jimmy Rogers. King had a strong influence on British and American blues-rockJimmy Vaughan, Peter Green, and Eric Clapton. A testament to King's presence on the circuit of touring rock bands was Grand Funk Railroad's mention of King in their song We're an American Band", written by Don Brewer and based on incidents whilst touring with King.


King Records and The Federal Label 1960-1966

Syd Nathan signed Freddie King to the King Records subsidiary label Federal, in 1960 and recorded "You've Got To Love Her with Feeling" as his debut release, "Have You Ever Loved a Woman" (1960) and "Hide Away" (1961) which peaked at #29 in pop singles charts and #5 on the R&B charts. His second release was "I Love the Woman" and "Hide Away" was used as the B side. "Hideaway" was an adaptation of a tune by Hound Dog Taylor and was named after a popular bar in Chicago.

After the success of "Hide Away" King and piano player Sonny Thompson record thirty instrumentals, including "The Stumble", "Just Pickin'", "Sen-Sa-Shun", "Side Tracked", "San-Ho-Zay", "High Rise", I'm torn down and "The Sad Nite Owl". King's band included his brother Benny Turner on bass and Lonnie Mack played rhythm and second guitar on a number his recordings from this period. During this period he toured with the big R&B acts of the day such as Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson and James Brown.

Atlantic and Shelter Records 1968-1973

King's contract with Federal expired in 1966 and his first overseas tour followed in 1967. He was noticed by King Curtis and was subsequently signed to Atlantic during 1968. In 1969 he hired Jack Calmes, to be his manager and Calmes secured him an appearance at the 1969 Texas Pop Festival, alongside Led Zeppelin and others and this led to King being signed to Leon Russell label Shelter Records. The company treated Freddie as an important artist, flying him to Chicago to the former Chess studios for the recording of Getting Ready and gave him a supporting cast of top-calibre session musicians, including rock pianist Leon Russell. Three albums were made during the this period, including blues classics and new songs written by Russell and Don Nix.

RSO 1973-1976

King performed alongside the big rock acts of the day, such as Eric Clapton and for a young mainly white audience, before signing to RSO. In 1974 he recorded Burglar, on which Tom Dowd produced the track Sugar Sweet at Criteria Studios in Miami with guitarists Eric Clapton and George Terry, drummer Jamie Oldaker and bassist Carl Radle. Mike Vernon produced all the other tracks and PP Arnold sang vocals. Vernon also produced a second album Larger than life with King, for the same label. Bobby Tench from The Jeff Beck Group and bassist DeLisle Harper also perform with King on both albums.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1982

Freddie King MySpace -






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