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Pradinis puslapis J Jimmy Johnson - Chicago Blues
Jimmy Johnson - Chicago Blues
Bliuzo žmonės - J

Jimmy Johnson (born Jimmy Thompson, November 25, 1928, Holly Springs, Mississippi) is an American blues guitarist and singer.

Several of Johnson's brothers had careers in music; among them are soul musician Syl Johnson and Magic Sam bassist Mack Thompson. He and his family moved to Chicago in 1950, where he worked as a welder and played guitar in his spare time. He began playing professionally with Slim Willis in 1959, changing his last name to Johnson like his brother Syl.

In the 1960s he played more R&B music, working with Otis Clay, Denise LaSalle, and Garland Green. By 1974 he had returned to blues playing, working with Jimmy Dawkins and touring Japan with Otis Rush in 1975.

His first solo material appeared on Alligator Records and Delmark Records in 1978-79, when he was fifty years old. His career continued to pick up until December 2, 1988, when his touring van crashed in Indiana, killing his keyboardist St. James Bryant and bassist Larry Exum. Johnson was injured and took an extended hiatus from music, but returned to record for Verve Records in 1994. In 2002 he cut a record with his brother Syl.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jimmy Johnson is a member of the legendary Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section that was attached to FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama for an extended period in the 60s and 70s. Jimmy’s name appears throughout music history in roles from producer to guitarist. He has performed with such artists as Wilson Pickett and Aretha Franklin and engineered such albums as the Rolling Stone’s Sticky Fingers.

Alabama-born guitarist Jimmy Johnson has played with everyone from the Rolling Stones and Aretha Franklin to Duane Allman and Otis Rush. And as a member of the famed Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, Johnson’s tight, funky rhythm guitar playing and strong producing skills have been in high demand for over 30 years, helping to make the Muscle Shoals area one of the leading recording centers in the country.

Growing up near Florence, Alabama, the teenage Johnson often hung out at one of the early incarnations of Rick Hall’s FAME studios. At the time, the studio was nothing more than a two-track mono-recorder housed above an old drugstore, but with skilled musicians like David Briggs, Dan Penn and Jerry Carrigan frequenting the studio as well, it wasn’t long before Johnson was learning how to put together and play on a professional session. When, in the fall of 1962, Rick Hall built a larger version of FAME in nearby Muscle Shoals, Johnson became his first salaried employee, answering phones, putting sessions together and taking care of paperwork.

Although he wasn’t yet a good enough guitarist to play on sessions, Johnson had formed a band, the Del-Rays, with future FAME session man Roger Hawkins, and was getting his chops down by playing the Southern fraternity circuit. After Hall’s original rhythm section defected to Nashville over money disputes, it was Johnson’s band that formed the second, and most famous FAME rhythm section. Johnson, along with organist Spooner Oldham, drummer Roger Hawkins and bassist Junior Lowe, woodshedded for two years, demo-ing material for FAME customers like Joe Tex and Percy Sledge.

When Percy Sledge hit in the spring of 1966 with “When a Man Loves a Woman,” it piqued the attention of Atlantic head Jerry Wexler, who brought Wilson Pickett down to FAME for a session. By now Johnson and the band were ready to cut a session, and the results, “Land of a Thousand Dances” and “Mustang Sally,” were both hits. Atlantic’s association with FAME launched the studio and its musicians into the national spotlight. In 1967, Wexler brought the recently signed Aretha Franklin to FAME, and Johnson contributed his exemplary guitar work to her double-sided hit “I Never Loved a Man(The Way That I Love You)”/”Do Right Woman.” Later, when Wexler and Rick Hall got into an argument that severed their working relationship, the Atlantic head flew Johnson and the other FAME musicians up to New York to finish the album and record subsequent follow-ups.

With the success of Aretha, Johnson was now an in-demand session guitarist, playing on albums by George Benson, Wilson Pickett and David Clayton Thomas. In April 1969, after feeling underappreciated and underpaid at FAME, Johnson, along with David Hood, Roger Hawkins and Berry Beckett, left FAME. The four musicians became partners in their own studio, Muscle Shoals Sound, located right up the street from their old boss Rick Hall and FAME; their first account was Atlantic Records. Through the next several years, Johnson played guitar and/or produced for such big-name artists as Boz Scaggs, the Rolling Stones, Paul Simon, Leon Russell and Cher.
Throughout the ’70s, Muscle Shoals Sound developed a reputation as one of the best studios in the business, and Johnson was considered by many to be one of the pre-eminent session guitarists in the industry. Rod Stewart, Traffic, Johnny Rivers and Bob Seger all traveled to Johnson’s rural outpost in northern Alabama to cut hit records with the crack Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section.

Johnson continues to operate and engineer at the studio today and has recently appeared on live albums by Otis Rush and James Taylor. ~ Steve Kurutz, All Music Guide

 

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