LietuviųEnglish (United Kingdom)
Pradinis puslapis C Leonard Chess
Leonard Chess
Bliuzo žmonės - C

Leonard Chess

 

(March 12, 1917 - October 16, 1969) was a record company executive and the founder of Chess Records. He was influential in the development of electric blues.

Chess was born Lejzor Czyz in a Jewish community in Motal, Poland (but now within Belarus). He and his brother Fiszel, sister Malka and mother followed their father to Chicago, Illinois in 1928. The family name was changed to Chess, with Lejzor becoming Leonard and Fiszel becoming Philip.

Leonard and his brother Phil were involved in the black nightclub scene on the South Side of Chicago by 1947. They soon became associated with Aristocrat Records, and moved the company away from black pop and jazz and closer to pure blues music with artists such as Muddy Waters, Sunnyland Slim and Willie Dixon. Leonard Chess himself played bass drum on one of Muddy Waters's early sessions. In 1948, the Chess brothers took control of the company and in 1950 renamed it Chess Records. "My Foolish Heart" (Gene Ammons), "Rollin' Stone" (Muddy Waters) and "That's All Right" (Jimmy Rogers) showcased the company's new direction.

Chess contacted Sam Phillips (of Sun Records) to help find and record new artists in the South. Phillips supplied Chess with recordings by Howlin' Wolf, Rufus Thomas and Doctor Ross among others. Of these, Howlin' Wolf especially became very popular, and Chess Records had to fight over him with other companies which had also been supplied with Wolf recordings by Phillips. Soon, other important artists joined up, including Bo Diddley and Sonny Boy Williamson. In the 1950s, Chess Records' commercial success only grew with artists such as Little Walter, The Moonglows, The Flamingos and Chuck Berry, and in the '60s with Etta James, Fontella Bass, Koko Taylor, Little Milton, Laura Lee and Tommy Tucker, as well as with the subsidiary labels Checker, Argo and Cadet. As the 1960s progressed, Chess's recording enterprise branched out into other genres including gospel, traditional jazz, spoken word, comedy, and more. In the early 1960s, Chess became involved in the broadcasting business as part owner of WVON-AM radio and later acquired WSDM-FM, both in Chicago. In October 1969, a few months after selling his namesake label to General Recorded Tape, Leonard Chess died of a heart attack.

The 2008 movies Cadillac Records and Who Do You Love? are both fictional accounts of the ascent (and descent) of the label itself and the personnel involved or who recorded at Chess Records.

 

Bliuzo žmonės - Blues Artists - Random

Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup

Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup (also known as "Pop" C...

Warren Haynes

Warren Haynes Adding up the raw data - solo performances, participatio...

Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown

Clarence "Gatemouth" BrownClarence "Gatemouth" Brown (April 18, 1924 —...

Tim Gant

Tim Gant Jazz / Neo-soul / R&B Bliuzo ir džiazo klavišininkas...

Peleckis Mindaugas

Peleckis Mindaugas, poetas, prozininkas, melomanas, žurnalistas.Gimė 1...

Dr. John

Dr. John Malcolm John "Mac" Rebennack, Jr. (born November 21, 1940), ...

Magic Sam - Chicago Blues

Magic Sam Samuel “Magic Sam” Gene Maghett (February 14, 1937 – Decemb...

Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis - C

Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis Maxwell Street Jimmy Davis died just after...

Junior Parker

Junior Parker, taip pat žinomas kaip  Little Junior Parker or "Mr Blue...

Ultima Thule

Ultima Thule Ultima Thule (Estonia) Rock / Blues / Folk RockUlt...

Alberta Hunter

Alberta Hunter (April 1, 1895 - October 17, 1984), was an American blu...

Rice Miller - Chicago Blues

Rice Miller see Sonny Boy Williamson II

Lee Montgomery - Chicago Blues

Lee Montgomery Mini Biography Brother of actress Belinda Montgom...

Peetie Wheatstraw

Peetie WheatstrawPeetie Wheatstraw (December 21, 1902 – December 21, 1...

Skip James - Delta blues

Skip James Nehemiah Curtis "Skip" James (June 9, 1902 – October 3, 19...

The Healers!

The HEALERS! Blues / Rock / Roots MusicNew York Un...

Reklaminis skydelis
Reklaminis skydelis