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Pradinis puslapis Bliuzo mokykla. Dainos Key to the Highway - blues standard
Key to the Highway - blues standard
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Artist: Big Bill Broonzy
Album:
Title: Key to the Highway

I got the key to the highway, and I'm billed out and bound to go
I'm gonna leave here runnin', cause walkin' is most too slow
I'm goin' down on the border, now where I'm better known
Cause woman you don't do nothin', but drive a good man 'way from home
Now when the moon creeps over the mountain, I'll be on my way
Now I'm gonna walk this old highway, until the break of day
Run here, sweet mama, now and help me with this heavy load
I am due in West Texas, and I've got to get on the road
I'm goin' to West Texas, I'm goin' down behind the sun
I'm gonna ax the good Lord what evil have I done

Key to the Highway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Key to the Highway" is a blues standard first recorded by Charlie Segar in 1940. Segar, sometimes known as the "Key Board Wizard Supreme," was a blues pianist and occasional singer originally from Pensacola, Florida. He relocated to Chicago, where he made recordings with other blues artists, such as Bumble Bee Slim and Memphis Minnie, as well as being the featured artist. "Key to the Highway" is one of eight known songs Segar recorded under his own name between 1934 and 1940 for the Decca and Vocalion labels.

"Key to the Highway" is usually credited to Charles 'Chas' Segar and William 'Big Bill' Broonzy. As Broonzy explains: "Some of the verses he [Charlie Segar] was singing it in the South the same time as I sung it in the South. And practically all of blues is just a little change from the way that they was sung when I was a kid . . . You take one song and make fifty out of it . . . just change it a little bit."

Charlie Segar's original "Key to the Highway" was done in the form of a mid-tempo twelve-bar blues. When Jazz Gillum recorded it later that year, the song became an eight-bar blues, as it is usually known (May 9, 1940 Bluebird B 8529). A year later, Big Bill Broonzy recorded "Key to the Highway," creating the best known of the early versions of the song (May 2, 1941 OKeh 6242).

Little Walter version

In 1958, Little Walter recorded "Key to the Highway" as a Chicago blues (Checker 904). Backing Walter (vocal and harmonica) were Muddy Waters and Luther Tucker (guitars), Otis Spann (piano), Willie Dixon (bass), and George Hunter or Francis Clay (drums). The song was a hit, spending fourteen weeks in the Billboard R&B chart where it reached #6 in 1958. After a six-year run of successful singles, Little Walter would only have one charting single after "Key to the Highway."

Eric Clapton versions

Eric Clapton, who considered Broonzy as one of his first influences, recorded the best-known version of the song for Derek and the Dominos' 1970 landmark album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs. Lasting over 9 minutes, this version was essentially an accidental, impromptu jam between Clapton and Duane Allman. They happened to have heard singer Sam Samudio ("Sam the Sham") doing the same song in a neighbouring studio and spontaneously started playing it. Their startled record producer, Tom Dowd, heard what was happening and quickly told the engineers to "hit the goddamn machine!" and start the tape recorder running. This explains why the track starts with a fade-in to playing clearly already underway.

Clapton also played on Johnnie Johnson's 1991 version and revisited the song in his 2000 collaboration with Blues legend B. B. King- Riding with the King.

During an Allman Brothers show at the Beacon Theatre in New York City on March 19, 2009, Clapton joined the band onstage to perform this song.

Rolling Stones version

A 33-second snippet of "Key to the Highway" appears at the end of the Rolling Stones' album Dirty Work. Originally hidden and uncredited, the track was included as a memorial to Stones founder-member and part time pianist Ian Stewart (who performs it). Stewart died in 1985, just after the album's completion.

Other versions

"Key to the Highway" has been performed and/or recorded by numerous other well-known artists including:

  • Johnny Winter
  • Luther Allison
  • The Band on the 2000 remaster of Music from Big Pink
  • B.B. King featured in the movie-documentary The Road to Memphis
  • Carey Bell & Lurrie Bell
  • Brook Benton
  • Eddie Boyd with Peter Green on Eddie Boyd and His Blues Band, Decca (1967)
  • Honeyboy Edwards on Blues Blues (1975)
  • Buddy Guy
  • John Hammond on Frogs for Snakes (1981)
  • John Lee Hooker
  • Johnnie Johnson on Johnnie B. Bad (1991)
  • Detroit Junior on Live at the Toledo Museum of Art (2003)
  • Freddie King on Getting Ready (1971)
  • Jo-Ann Kelly on "Black Rat Swing"
  • Mance Lipscomb on Texas Songster Volume 2 (1964) and Live at the Cabale (1998)
  • Snooky Pryor
  • Sam Samudio as B-side of Me and Bobby McGee (1970, ATLANTIC 45-2767)
  • Steve Miller Band on their very first album, Children of the Future (1968)
  • Memphis Slim
  • Mick Taylor jamming with Keith Richards in 1981
  • Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee
  • Muddy Waters on his 1971 London Sessions album
  • Junior Wells
  • Joe Williams
  • Jimmy Witherspoon

 
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